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新生儿日常护理 Daily Care for Newborn Baby

2018.10.10 1259人阅读 来源:爱博恩妇产医院

  刚出生的婴儿身体十分的柔嫩与敏感,掌握宝宝日常护理的关键点对宝宝的健康成长有很大的帮助。

  It is necessary to master the daily care skills for newborn babies since their skins are delicate and sensitive, which will do great help to babies’ growth.

  婴儿睡姿

  The Baby’s Sleeping Position

  除妈妈抱起喂奶外,新生儿整日卧床休息,应保证有足够睡眠时间。最好采取侧卧位,尤其喂奶后应向右侧卧,平时采取左侧卧。经常变换体位,可防止睡偏头扁头综合症。可不必枕枕头,枕枕头的高度应大致同肩宽,更不能用硬枕头来矫正头形。

  Apart from breast-feeding, we should make sure that there’s sufficient sleep for your baby. Regarding sleeping position, we recommend side-lying position, specially right side-lying after breast-feeding, and left side-lying in between. Change your baby’s sleeping position frequently can effectively prevent flat head syndrome. There is no need for a pillow, if needed, the height of the pillow should be roughly the same as the shoulder breadth, and hard pillow is forbidden to correct baby’s head shape.

  冷热护理

  Temperature Management

  新生儿出生后应立即将其全身轻轻擦干,用洁净温暖的棉毯包裹。室温不能低于23℃。出生后第一天每4小时测一次体温,体温稳定在36.5℃左右时,以后可改为每6~12小时测一次。若体温低于36℃或高于38℃时,应查找原因,进行处理。

  Clean the newborn baby gently right after birth, and carefully wrap the baby by a clean and warm blanket. Maintain your room temperature no lower than 23°C. Measure the body temperature every 4 hours on the first day after birth and when the temperature is stable at around 36.5°C, change to every 6 to 12 hours. If the body temperature is lower than 36°C or higher than 38°C, causes should be found and treatment should be performed.

  皮肤护理

  Skin Care

  新生儿皮肤娇嫩,容易损伤,因而擦拭动作要轻柔,衣着要宽松,衣服被子的质地要柔软,不宜钉扣子或用别针。要用温水擦洗皮肤皱折处,每次大小便后清洗,并用毛巾擦干。

  Newborn’s skin is delicate and easy to damage, so the wiping should be gentle, the clothes should be loose, and clothes and quilt should be soft without buttons or pins. Wash the folds of skin with warm water after each peeing or pooping, and pat your baby dry with a towel.

  脐带护理

  Umbilical Cord Care

  在新脐带未脱落时,每天用75%的酒精擦洗脐部一次,然后用消毒纱布盖上,不要放盆内洗澡。脐带脱落后,可以不用纱布,但必须保持脐部干燥清洁。发现脐部有红或有脓性分泌物,则应进行消炎处理。

  When the cord stump doesn’t fall off on its own, scrub it once a day with 75% alcohol, then cover it with sterile gauze, and better give sponge shower rather than full bath. After the cord falls off, try exposing the cord to air and allowing it to dry at its base. If your baby’s navel looks red or has yellowish discharge, anti-inflammatory treatment is necessary.


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